Earth First! Winter Moot

Defending the Douglas Valley

Hambach Forest Ocupation

South Lanarkshire COALcil

Mainshill Zine

Coal in Scotland

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Click on each location to see the Open Cast Mining in that area.

South Lanarkshire East Ayrshire Midlothian Scottish Borders Fife West Lothian North Lanarkshire Dumfries and Galloway

map of central belt

[ South Lanarkshire | East Ayrshire | Midlothian | Borders | Fife | West Lothian | North Lanarkshire | Dumfries and Galloway ]

South Lanarkshire

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Name: Mainshill Wood
Location: Douglas, South Lanarkshire
Size: 1,700,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: CL/08/0367
Comments: Planning permission granted in February 2009 to mine over 3.5 years, the Scottish Government gave final approval in April 2009. There is a strong local campaign by Douglas residents (MORAG) who objected to the plans and was the site of a seven-month long occupation by the Mainshill Solidarity Camp that ended in a 5 day eviction and 45 arrests. The site is now being turned into an open-cast mine.

Name: Glentaggart
Location: Glespin, South Lanarkshire
Size: 200,000 tonnes per year – there have been so many extensions that a total size is hard to say
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: CL/08/0481 for an extension that was approved 5.1.09
Comments: Employs around 37 staff and outputs approximately 200,000 tonnes of coal per year. An extension was recently approved and is now being worked. The coal moving conveyor belt system at this site is one of the largest conveyor systems in Europe and stretches for over 6.5km. Claimed to have reduced the number of vehicle trips by over 30,000/year. The coal is loaded onto the conveyor at the mine and then transported to a terminal at Midrig where it is loaded on to HGVs and transported to the Ravenstruther Coal Rail Terminal

Name: Chalmerston North (Glentaggart Extension)
Location: Glespin, South Lanarkshire
Size: 550,000 tonnes
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: Unknown
Comments: Currently being worked despite large-scale community opposition – 54 letters of objection to the planning application were submitted from the small village of Glespin alone.

Name: Glentaggart Extension
Location: Glespin, South Lanarkshire
Size: 500,000 tonnes
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: CL/09/X0588/NEW
Comments: Application for the extraction of coal by surface mining methods with restoration to forestry and agriculture on a 44.5 ha site, including a 8.5 ha extension to the existing Glentaggart Surface Mine. The extraction is up to 500,000 tonnes of coal and is expected to last some 30 months, plus a further 12 months for restoration. The proposal is classed as Major Development.

Name: Broken Cross
Location: near Douglas Water, South Lanarkshire
Company: Scottish Coal
Size: 4,000,000 tonnes (extensions)
Comments: Extended in 2006 by Scottish Ministers following a lengthy public enquiry forced by strong opposition from local residents and 700 objections to the plans. The Scottish Executive permission allows coal extraction to carry on until 2018 with a 2020 deadline for final restoration of the site. 720 HGV loads travel from the site to Ravenstruther coal depot every week.

Name: Poniel/Long Plantation (Amendment)
Location: South Lanarkshire
Size: 570,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: CL/04/0877 (variations: CL/08/0630)
Comments: Planning permission approved in September 2007. Also known as Long Plantation. The extension was opened end of August, planning permission granted end June. Also a sand and gravel quarry at this site (comparatively small). One road in (‘Private Road’) off the roundabout. Around 5 HGVs (Anderson Transport Logistics) per hour leave for the Ravenstruther Rail Terminal.

Name: Poniel Extension
Location: South Lanarkshire
Size: 100,000 tonnes
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: CL/09/0285
Comments: Extension to the existing mine within its existing boundary – something they’d promised they wouldn’t do http://coalactionscotland.org.uk/?p=612

Name: Pool Farm
Location: Auchengray, South Lanarkshire
Size: 125,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: CL/02/0199
Comments: Application was registered April 2002, but was withdrawn 08/09/2009.

Name: Spireslack/Grasshill
Location: Glenbuck, East Ayrshire/South Lanarkshire border
Size: 250,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Originally Scottish Coal, now operated by H J Banks
Planning Reference: 07/0444/FL
Comments: Planning permission approved in August 2007.

Name: Wilsontown
Location: Wilsontown, Forth, Lanarkshire
Size: unknown
Company: Hall Construction Services Limited
Planning Reference: CL/97/0265
Comments: This mine is currently being worked but original application was in 1997.

Name: Wilsontown extension
Location: Wilsontown, Forth, Lanarkshire
Size: extension: 30,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Hall Construction Services Limited
Planning Reference: CL/04/0365
Comments: Withdrawn 27th August 2009.

Name: Wilsontown Extension and Variation to Conditions
Location: Wilsontown, Forth, Lanarkshire
Size: Included 50,000 tonnes of sand and gravel. Coal volume unknown.
Company: Hall Construction Services Limited
Planning Reference: CL/08/0011
Comments: Granted 1st July 2009. Agent HG Planning

East Ayrshire

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Name: Spireslack/Grasshill
Location: Glenbuck, East Ayrshire/South Lanarkshire border
Size: 250,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Originally Scottish Coal, now operated by H J Banks
Planning Reference: 07/0444/FL
Comments: Planning permission approved in August 2007.

Name: Spireslack Extension
Location: Glenbuck, East Ayrshire (immediately to the west of existing Spireslack mine)
Size: unknown
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: 09/0344/FL
Comments: Application submitted 11th May 2009. Proposal includes “Extraction of Coal by Surface Mining Methods Including the Diversion of the Ponesk Burn with Associated Riparian Habitat Improvements and Restoration to Forestry, Farmland and Nature Conservation Interests with Enhanced Public Access”. Three years of coaling and two years restoration. Expect workings to commence early 2010.

*Name: Dunstonhill
Location: near Patna, East Ayrshire
Size: 1,648,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Comments: Company currently preparing a planning application. The site covers an area of 1,208 ha, now largely a forested upland area. The site will provide continued employment for the existing work force of 128 at the Chalmerston/Pennyvenie opencast coal site. The coal will be transported from the site via an overland conveyor, back to the existing rail loading facility at Chalmerston, located to the of Dalmellington, for onward dispatch to market by rail.
Scoping Report: http://www.scottishcoal.co.uk/projects.htm

*Name: Dalmellington
Location: Dalmellington, Ayrshire
Size: 90,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: 07/0448/FL
Comments: Planning permission approved in August 2007

*Name: Greenburn (North Extension)
Location: near New Cumnock, East Ayrshire
Size: 200,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Kier Construction Ltd
Planning Reference: 07/0211/FL
Comments: Planning permission approved in February 2008 (BERR approved in August 2007)

*Name: Greenburn (North East Extension)
Location: near New Cumnock, East Ayrshire
Size: 80,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Kier Construction Ltd
Planning Reference: 07/0745/FL
Comments: Planning permission approved in February 2008 (BERR approved in November 2007)

*Name: Burnston/House of Water (Extension)
Location: New Cumnock, East Ayrshire
Size: 1,500,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: 06/0548/FL
Comments: Planning permission approved by council subject to Section 75 agreement (BERR approved March 2007)

Name: House of Water Burnston Fields (Extension)
Location: New Cumnock, East Ayrshire
Size: 45.8 hectares, coal tonnage unknown
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: 09/0371/FL
Comments: Applied 21st May 2009, pending council decision.

*Name: Chalmerston North/Pennyvenie (Extension)
Location: nr Dalmellington, Ayrshire
Size: 1,020,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: 06/0685/FL
Comments: Planning permission approved by council subject to Section 75 agreement (BERR approved March 2007)

*Name: Dalgig Extension
Location: Dalgig, East Ayrshire
Size: 1,500,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Kier Mining
Planning Reference: 06/0538/FL or 07/0908/FL
Comments: Original planning application approved subject to section 75 approval (2.7 million tonnes), however a reduced scheme was then submitted. Awaiting decision.

*Name: Glenmucklock (Extension)
Location: East Ayrshire
Size: 700,000 tonnes of coal
Company: ATH Resources
Planning Reference: 07/P/3/0779
Comments: Applied for planning permission in December 2007. Awaiting decision.

*Name: Powharnal
Location: East Ayrshire
Size: 600,000 tonnes per year
Company: Scottish Coal
Comments: Employs around 122 staff. Approximately 100 hectares of the site lies within the Muirkirk and North Lowther Uplands Special Protection Area (SPA), designated for hen harrier, short-eared owl, merlin, peregrine and golden plover.

*Name: Grievehill
Location: East Ayrshire
Size: 300,000 tonnes per year, 1,300,000 total
Company: ATH Resources Ltd (Aardvark TMC Ltd)
Comments: Employs around 37 staff. Uses Garleffan site, entered production September 2005. Coal is transported to the Crowbandsgate railhead in New Cumnock. The remaining coal reserves are located within the North Lowther Uplands Special Protection Area (SPA) which extends to 26,330 ha. The SPA is underpinned by The Muirkirk Uplands SSSI. The SPA/SSSI contains important bird habitat, supporting breeding populations of Merlin, Peregrine, Short eared Owl and Golden Plover, and both winter and breeding populations of Hen Harrier.

*Name: Skares Road
Location: East Ayrshire
Size: 200,000 tonnes per year, 4,500,000 total
Company: ATH Resources Ltd (Aardvark TMC Ltd)
Comments: Employs around 70 staff. Covers 600ha, open until 2009. Will be restored to mixed grazing woodland with some 25,000 trees planted.

*Name: Greenburn Project
Location: East Ayrshire
Size: 850,000 tonnes per year
Company: Kier Minerals Ltd
Planning Reference: Unknown
Comments: Employs around 76 staff

*Name: Grievehill (Extension); Change to Conditions
Location: East Ayrshire
Size: 920,000 tonnes of coal; 370,000 tonnes of coal
Company: ATH Resources
Planning Reference: 06/1174/FL; 06/0537/FL
Comments: Planning permission approved by council subject to Section 75 agreement (BERR approved November 2007). Work started April 2008; Planning permission approved in April 2007.

*Name: Laigh Glenmuir
Location: East Ayrshire
Size: 265,000 tonnes per year
Company: ATH Resources Ltd (Aardvark TMC Ltd)
Comments: Employs around 26 staff. The 48 hectare site lies to the north of the Group’s Garleffan Site , and will utilise the workforce, plant and processing facilities at Garleffan when that site ceases production later this year. The coal extracted from Laigh Glenmuir will service power generation, industrial and domestic markets. 500,000 tonnes in total, coal transported to Garleffan, entered production in 2006 for 2 years. An overland conveyor transports coal to railhead.

Midlothian

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Name: Airfield Farm/Cousland
Location: Cousland, Midlothian
Size: 2,000,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Status: Planning Committee Hearing 10th March 2010
Comments: Scoping document was filed June 2008. No planning application yet. A consultation meeting that Scottish Coal held in Cousland attracted 120 people who were virtually unanimous in their opposition to the open cast coal mine, on the grounds that it would impact on wildlife, the environment, air quality, noise and the landscape. Extraction over a 5 year period, and will go to Cockenzie coal-fired power station to lessen dependence on coal imports. Scottish Coal were reluctant to comment on sulphur levels in the coal.

Name: Shewington/Rosewell
Location: Rosewell, Midlothian
Size: 550,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: 05/00840/FUL
Comments: Original planning application for 750,000 tonnes. The Community Council was generally opposed to this development and others like it (such as a nearby sand and gravel pit) as they saw it as the ongoing industrialisation of an area that has had more than its fair share.

Name: Shewington/Rosewell Extension
Location: Rosewell, Midlothian
Size: 100,000 tonnes
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: 09/00131/FUL
Comments: Approved 27/10/2009

Scottish Borders

Name: Auchencorth Moss
Location: Deepsyke Forest, Penicuik, Scottish Borders
Size: 450,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: 06/00084/MINCON
Comments: Planning permission approved in December 2007 with no environmental impact assessment. No work has begun yet.

Fife

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Name: Muir Dean
Location: Crossgates, Fife
Size: 2,000,000 tonnes of coal
Company: ATH Resources
Planning Reference: 05/03715/WEIA
Comments: Applied for planning permission in October 2005. Refused by Council but appeal sustained subject to Section 75 – the decision by the local council to refuse the application was overturned by the Scottish Government sparking anger in Crossgates. Covers an area of 180ha of mixed farming and woodlands. Will produce for over 4.5 years. Work started April 2008.

*Name: Nettly Burn, Saline
Location: Dunfermline, Fife
Size: 470,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: 04/01833/WEIA
Comments: Applied for planning permission in May 2004 – application appears to have been withdrawn.

Name: Blair Farm
Location: Oakley, Fife
Size: 720,000 tonnes of coal
Company: UK Coal
Planning Reference: 08/00607/WEIA
Status: Approved November 2009 despite widespread community objection.

*Name: Greenbank (St Ninians)
Location: Fife
Size: 600,000 tonnes per year
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: Unknown
Comments: Employs around 69 staff.

*Name: Earlseat
Location: East Wemyss, Fife
Size: 250,000 tonnes per year
Company: Hall Construction services Ltd
Planning Reference: Unknown
Comments: Employs around 41 staff.

West Lothian

Name: Rusha Farm
Location: nr West Calder, West Lothian
Size: 1,500,000 tonnes of coal
Company: H J Banks Developments
Planning Reference: 1199/M/07
Comments: Planning committee approved the application in March 2009 and referred it to the Scottish Government. Scottish Government cleared it back to East Lothian Council 16th February 2010.

North Lanarkshire

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Name: Badallan Farm
Location: nr Shotts and Fauldhouse, North Lanarkshire
Size: 570,000 tonnes of coal
Company: LAW Mining Ltd
Planning Reference: S/02/00864/MIN
Comments: Planning applied for 28th June 2002 but LAW Mining went into administration, so nothing has happened at this site.

Name: Headlesscross
Location: nr Shotts and Fauldhouse, North Lanarkshire
Size: 1,100,000 tonnes of coal
Company: Scottish Coal
Planning Reference: S/04/00727/MIN
Comments: Applied for permission 30th April 2004 and the application expired 17th December 2009. Nothing has happened at this site.

Dumfries and Galloway

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Name: Rigg
Location: Kirkonnel, Dumfries and Galloway
Size: 1,300,000 tonnes of coal
Company: ATH Resources
Planning Reference: 07/P/3/0506
Comments: Applied for planning permission in August 2007, approved 14th November 2008. An extension to the conveyor system was also built connecting Rigg with the Glenmuckloch and other ATH Resources mines. Coal is delivered via the conveyor to the Crowbandsgate railhead, New Cumnock.

*Name: Glenmuckloch
Location: Dumfries and Galloway
Size: 400,000 tonnes per year, 2,800,000 total
Company: ATH Resources Ltd (Aardvark TMC Ltd)
Planning Reference: Unknown
Comments: Employs around 102 staff. Coal is transported to the Crowbandsgate railhead by conveyor (see overland conveyor belts). Production will last for 4 years and take 2 years to restore. Commenced operation summer 2006.

*= accurate April 2009

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